30.11. firar vi dagen för den avgiftsfria utbildningen. En avgiftsfri, internationellt högt rankad utbildning var länge en av hörnstenarna i det finländska samhället. Den avgiftsfria utbildningen slopades i fjol och således är studenter utanför EU- och EES-området nu tvungna att betala läsårsavgifter.
Läsårsavgifterna drog som väntat ner antalet nya studenter. Antalet internationella studenter som kom till Finland ökade under hela 2000-talet, men efter att läsårsavgifterna infördes sjönk antalet. Det här är inte en önskvärd utveckling, då hela samhället gagnas av att Finland ses som ett attraktivt alternativ för internationella sakkunniga.
Det internationella perspektivet har varit ett villkor för högskoleutbildningen under hela dess historia, så också i Finland. Internationella studenter ger de finländska studenterna chansen att bli mer internationellt inriktade på hemmaplan. Dessutom blir studentsamfundet mångsidigare. De internationella studenterna bidrar med dyrbara nätverk och kunnande. För företag som vill rikta in sig på internationella marknader är det fördelaktigt att den studerande har språkkunskaper, nätverk till ett annat land och förståelse för dess kultur.
Argumentet för att införa läsårsavgifter var att bredda inkomstbasen för högskolorna. Finlands högskolor hade i fjol dock enbart 277 studerande som betalade fullt pris för utbildningen, eftersom majoriteten av de övriga studerande som betalade för utbildningen mottog stipendium från högskolan. Enligt några högskolor har läsårsavgifterna inbringat inkomster, men att ta i bruk avgifterna har även varit en utgift för dem. Stipendier, administration och utvecklingsarbete som berör läsårsavgifterna kräver resurser. Flera högskolor satsar stort på marknadsföring internationellt och på rekrytering av studerande på olika sätt. Allt det här kostar pengar.
Finland var länge attraktivt för de internationella studenterna tack vare sin högkvalitativa och avgiftsfria utbildning. Enligt det som nuvarande internationella studenter berättat, valde de Finland tack vare ryktet om den högkvalitativa utbildningen samt de avgiftsfria studierna. De här trumfkorten borde Finland ha förvaltat. Den som valt att studera i Finland har ofta svårt med språket, att hitta vänner och att sysselsätta sig.
Vi bad internationella studenter berätta om sina tankar kring läsårsavgifter och studier i Finland. Läs om deras erfarenheter nedan (på engelska). Både studerande som betalat hela sin läsårsavgift och de som fått stipendium samt studerande från EU- och EES-länder medverkar. Ett fall från våren 2018 är även med. Då kontaktades HUS av en studerande som bad om råd efter att hen visserligen fått studieplats, men nekats stipendium. I höstas fick vi veta att den studerande inte lyckades hitta finansiering för sina studier i Finland. Nu studerar hen i Tyskland, där läsårsavgifter inte existerar.
“I've been accepted to Master's Programme in Neuroscience in University of Helsinki, which I'm really happy for. But unfortunately, I wasn't awarded a scholarship. Considering the amount of tuition fee and very low currency of Turkish lira, neither me nor my family don't have the possibility to pay that big amount of money. I've been searching for other scholarships for a long time both in Turkey and abroad and on internet portals like scholarshipportal, but I can't find any to cover this amount.
I will cover all my living and other expenses by myself. But unless I find a funding for covering my tuition fees, I won't be able to come to University of Helsinki sadly. It's been my dream for many years and I worked very hard for this, and now when I'm chosen with a good ranking (6th out of 20th), I really want so much to be a part of this programme and your university and the student union.”
“I think the tuition fee is a huge burden for me as well as my family. Actually, I think it's a huge burden for each student from non-EU countries. And due to this reason, I believe some excellent students give up or lose their opportunities to study here. I am trying my best to study now and hope that I can get the second year scholarship. I have to find a part-time job which may take up a lot of time and also make me feel so tired every week. Anyway, it's my own choice and I will get over it. But I think it would be better to cancel the tuition fee for us.”
“I could not have come to study as a master's degree student if I needed to pay tuition fees for two years. I feel like it limits the people from outside EU to come to study in Finland, where it used to be an option without tuition fees.”
“The tuition seems to be quite high for international students. While no tuition fee was implemented until two years back, and I did not expect UH to fix such a high fees just for international students.”
“As an EU citizen, couldn’t be happier. I thank the people of Finland this opportunity, which I’ve tried to repay many times.”
“I do not pay tuition fees but 15,000 euros a year is extremely expensive and without a scholarship I would probably not attend this university, unless we had more funding/work opportunities.”
“I’m a master student from Japan in European and Nordic Programme under Faculty of Social Science. I am interested in Finnish history, specifically the period between 1939-1945, and topics revolve around the remembrance of the war, and how current time is affecting its interpretation. I was one of the first batch of students after the introduction of tuition fee at this university. I came to Helsinki because of my interest in it, and Helsinki offered English master’s programme in Nordic Studies.
Student life is so much better than it was in a small private university in Japan. Despite some issues with studies and bureaucracies, mostly because my programme is a new one, as well as general system change in all parts of the university, I feel that education offered here is great. Outside studies, students are treated in a way that promotes independence, while having channels to seek support when necessary. I quite like it.
Coming from Japan, tuition fee itself is not new. But personally, I did not like the bureaucracy with scholarship, which was meant to help mitigate the negative effect. The whole process for awarding the scholarship seemed to have been done in a way that weakened the desired effect. Most of the recipient did not show up in 2017 without redirecting it to other candidates, and second-year grant was selected based on earned units and grade only, giving some significant disadvantage due to the selection timing and individual curriculum structure. Considering these issues, I have to say scholarship system has a lot to improve if university wants to have the effect they initially desired.”
"I think tuition fees put Finland at odds with its value in equality. Although it can be argued that money cannot buy the experience, the reality is I can get an educational experience at any place not just Finland. I wouldn't say I regret my decision but, overall, I feel that if I had been given a second chance, I will choose to come only with a scholarship."
“After having done my bachelor degree in physics at the University of Amsterdam I realized that I am interested in pursuing research in Mathematical Physics. Thus, the University of Helsinki was a natural choice since the Mathematical Physics group at the Faculty of Mathematics is one of the best in the world.
I am currently a recipient of the “be one of the best scholarship’ program. Given that the scholarship program was introduced at the same time as the tuition fees for non-EU master students, I as a scholarship recipient am largely unaffected by the introduction of tuition fees.
In the long run the introduction of tuition fees for non-EU international students will likely decrease the number of non-EU students at the University of Helsinki; however the introduction of the scholarship program would plausibly increase the amount of high quality non-EU students hence the net policy effect is yet to be determined.
Having been in Finland and at the University of Helsinki for slightly more than a year I must say that I have enjoyed my stay to the fullest extent. The interaction between faculty members and students is quite informal thus giving the students an excellent opportunity to get involved in research early on in their careers as well as be a part of the decision making process at the university. Furthermore, the presence of many student organizations allows one to experience the unique student culture in Finland.”
“I was doing my exchange studies for two semesters in 2017 and working for a company since April, 2017 and did some research work during the summer of 2017. I had an indefinite work contract for 2018 and I applied for my residence permit renewal as work permit for which I was supposed to get permit type A. As mentioned permit A sets you free from those fees. However, the company went bankrupt and I only knew in December, 2017 almost when I was about to get the permit which was awaiting decision then. So I started working full time at the university starting January 2018 until the present time and did some independent studies while waiting the decision and the master's acceptance.
The permit took 9 months to process. I got a B permit and they asked me to pay the fees for which I had to manage to provide the money before august 31st and I was working so hard to save money. I was enrolled with all my studies for the program completed beforehand and for what I had to pay I only have the master thesis to be done in a very short time so I can graduate by the end of 2018 and get a refund for the spring term. This is not how I wanted my thesis to go and any delay will cost too much.
Being a student at the university of helsinki is a good experience. The flexibility of studies and being able to learn what you are interested in and having variation in teaching methods proves to be successful. Also as a staff member pursuing my interest in research it is an encouraging environment for research.I had been working in the private sector as a web developer for 6 years before coming to Finland and I found my skills appreciated here.
My thoughts about the tuition fees is that they are not fair. It would be more fair to pay for courses you are taking and some fees for the study place and other fees for courses and other services than having them in a chunk of 15 000. In my case 15 000 just to do my thesis which I am doing as part of my job.
I like being in Finland and I had to start over in terms of career and life and I plan to continue living here and continue my PhD studies. The delays with migri and the fear of being kicked out are a constant stress that all other people from outside EU are suffering from even though they are students and researchers. The constant struggle and the fear of not being able to extend your stay cuts the focus on the goal for being here. Life would be much easier if we had equal chances to be able to focus like everyone else who don't have to worry about these things and that will make a big difference."
Sakkunnig (försörjning, internationella ärenden)
050 543 9608
040 8291 256